There are different styles of periodontal biotype, that is, type and shape of gingiva. They are classified according to the thickness and contour they present around the teeth, and according to the type of periodontal biotype, the specialist periodontist performs a specific surgical technique.
Classification of periodontal biotypes
On the one hand, there is the thin and scalloped biotype. This type of periodontal biotype consists of thin, scalloped gingival margins following the underlying bony ridge. The contact points are fine, the crowns of the teeth are high, and the roots are voluminous, long and tapered.
On the other hand, the broad and flattened biotype. This type of periodontal biotype is formed by wide, thick and slightly scalloped gingival margins. The bone is wider. Dental crowns are shorter and wider, with a more square shape and flattened roots.
It is important to have knowledge about the different dental biotypes, especially from specialists in dental periodontics. Especially, when making a periodontal surgeryCare must be taken to use a more conservative technique when faced with a thin and scalloped biotype to avoid generating dental recessions. In contrast, the thick biotype has a lower risk of presenting recessions and bone resorption after periodontal surgery.
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