In order to replace lost teeth and improve chewing function altered by the absence of tooth loss, teeth can be replaced by placing dental implants.
The dental implants They are titanium structures that are surgically placed in the jawbones. The dental implant replaces the root of the lost tooth, and then the crown is placed on the implant. These are a very good option to replace missing teeth. In this way, the function performed by the lost tooth is recovered.
What types of dental implants are there?
Dental implants can have various classifications, depending on the criteria used.
Depending on the shape, these can be cylindrical or conical. Dental implants shape cylindrical they are the most classic and most common implants. It allows the bone to develop inside, thanks to the perforations, giving it an anchor. The shape conical they are normally used in cases of immediate implants, after tooth extraction.
Depending on the connection of the implants, these can be classified into implants with external or internal connection. Dental implants with internal connection they are the most current. They have different morphologies inside and have a more suitable distribution of forces. Implants with external connection, They are the most classic. The implant stump is located fixedly to the implant by means of an external screw.
Depending on their surface, dental implants can have micro or nano rough surfaces to promote their osseointegration.
Depending on their placement, juxtaosseous or endosteal implants are distinguished. Implants juxtaposed o dental implants are placed just below the gums in patients with minimal bone height. Dental implants endosseous They are placed inside the jawbone or jawbone. They are the ones that are most used today. They are surgically placed into the bone in an osseointegrated manner, joining the bone intimately.
Depending on the rehabilitation, implants are classified as single or multiple. Implants unitary They are the ones that place one and a dental crown (their respective ones). The multiple several are placed and more teeth are rehabilitated than implants placed.
The ideal dental implant varies in each particular case. It is for this reason that the completion of a good medical history by the specialist, a detailed examination and the performance of pertinent complementary tests will help the professional to choose the best treatment option for the patient.
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